Urban Farming Methods
Urban Farming Methods

6 Urban Farming Methods For The Future of The Environment

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Urban Farming Methods – Many people still assume, if living in the urban area, then you can not do gardening activities. However, it is denied by the emergence of a plantation system in the middle of the city or commonly known as urban farming. Urban farming it means utilizing an open space into a productive green land.

The results can be used to meet household food needs, as well as support the economic condition of the community itself through the marketing of urban farming.

The narrow area of planting in large cities, making urban farming activities can be done anywhere, such as; Yard, office, balcony even the roof of the house. 

The concept of urban farming itself is the same as livestock and cultivation in general, but the fundamental difference here is, livestock and farming activities is done by utilizing the existing open space as much as possible.

Urban farming is a very easy farming activity. By utilizing unused items such as; Used paint cans, Paralon, until used water bottles can be used as a container for planting.

For self-cultivation media, you can use non-land media such as coconut husk, charcoal, and chaff. The care in this urban farming concept can be said easily because it is quite watered daily and given non-chemical fertilizers.

Many urban farming methods can be done. Among them are:

Urban Farming Methods

Aquaponics

Cultivation process that combines the concept of planting cultivation with symbiotic aquaculture (Fish). Suitable plants to use this method include: Kale, Pak Choy, lettuce and also fish such as catfish, tilapia, and goldfish.

Cultivation of kale and catfish in a bucket

The concept is simple and does not require large capital and can be done in narrow fields. Quite a large bucket with a capacity of 60 liters or more can be grow as much as 60 catfish.

In addition to buckets, it also takes a few pots made from plastic mineral water, planting media such as charcoal, husk and other as well as a wire clothesline for the pot hook to the bucket, which is easily obtained from household waste.

These supporting items can also be purchased through online shopping sites.

The Cultivation of kale and catfish in a bucket is one of urban farming methods that is also very suitable for cross-communities, especially for those who are difficult to meet their food needs independently during the Covid-19 pandemic and provide a new experience.

Verticulture

Cultivating a vertical plant using Paralon or bottles on a stratified in a narrow space. Suitable plants using this method include: celery, spinach, mustard, Chives, grape, Strawberry.

Read also: Urban Farming Tips That Can Be Applied at Home

Hydroponics

What is hydroponics?

“Hydroponics”. A foreign word for a new one hears it. The hydroponics themselves are essentially planting without soil, but 100% use water and a mixture of nutrients that only vegetables are needed in planting.

Urban Farming Methods - Hydroponics

Hydroponics is essentially quite easy to do on a household scale. The vegetable harvest itself is delicious, especially if the result is good. Quite a lot of vegetables and fruits that can be planted using a hydroponic system such as the most common type of vegetable such as Pakcoy, caisim, Napa cabbage, tatsoi, Samhong, Kailan, bitter mustard and many more.

Wall Gardening

Basically, the concept of wall gardening is almost the same as the Verticulture method. Just that, the difference is, this method uses the wall as a planting medium. Plants that are suitable for using this method include: tomato, chili, tubers and various types of ornamental plants.

Permaculture

Permaculture (permanent culture) is a knowledge and awareness of organizing and maintaining a productive farming ecosystem in which there are diversity, durability and stability.

In this harmonious integration, the integration between landscape and human is realized as a provider for food, energy, housing (patron), other material needs and non-material needs, and all this happens in a sustainable orderly.

Without permanent farming access to the sources that blessings will be interrupted and there could not be a stability of regularity in society.

The principles applied in permaculture include good and thoughtful planning, the use of natural resources with the most cautious, and the civilized approach by appreciating all life.

This principle is intended for the planning and use and activities that do not cause damage to the environment in fulfilling human needs.

Permaculture wooden House is one of the real manifestation of the implementation of the permaculture concept. In the permaculture wooden house, “no garbage to throw away”, because everything can be utilized for anything else. Examples of permaculture implementation are:

  • Rainwater is accommodated and flowed for fish ponds
  • Water from Fishpond that has been mixed with dirt, flowing into the plant as organic liquid fertilizer.
  • The use of sunlight as a lighting inside the house so that no need to turn on the lights during the day.
  • Home waste is processed into Eco enzymes that can be used to fertilize soil, purify water, or making compost.
  • Animal dung can be used as fertilizer.

Thank you very much for reading Urban Farming Methods For The Future of The Environment, hopefully useful.

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