Japanese style garden elements – Japan traditional House reflects the simplicity. In the traditional villages, none of the roofs of houses are made high. Even the exterior of the House no one painted in striking. But if you go inside, the difference will be seen. Although the exterior looks almost exactly the same, but the interior of any home is different according to the owner’s taste.
This is because Japanese people have a tradition of community to express their expression inside and not to display it to the outside. But one thing that has been a favorite until now is a traditional Japanese garden. Different from garden in Europe that covers the broad and flat and has a geometric shape, garden in Japan are generally small-sized and shaped in three dimensions.
The idea to make this unique garden comes from the period of Asuka (538-710). Traders from Japan sees the garden in China and was blown away. They then bring the techniques of gardening and creating a garden from China to their hometown.
Until now, the Japanese style garden became one of the most popular in the world. Japanese garden different from most garden that’s full of flowers. Instead, the garden overgrown with cultivation plant. The garden is also influenced by the style of the Shinto religion regarding the creation of a perfect island and stories about shinchi or river of the gods.
Elements that must be in Japanese gardens
Traditional garden is generally not so spacious. There are even a few that have only the size of one square meter, even in some cases there are smaller than the size. But in this tiny garden, Japanese people tried to incorporate the whole elements of nature, such as mountains, waterfalls, forests, fields, and the river.
For the mountain, the people of Japan use the rock as a symbol. While the water is represented by the small pool or channel that goes into the garden via bamboo blades.
The waterfall is one important element if you want to create a Japanese style garden and should not be made arbitrarily. In the architecture of the traditional garden, waterfall is divided into seven levels called Sakuteiki. All levels should face towards the moon and designed to catch the shadow of the moon on the water.
Don’t forget the gravel. In the belief of the ancient Japan, sand and gravel used in Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples as well. One thing that became the characterizes of Japanese garden is the existence of bridges in any garden, both large or small garden. This bridge can be made of stone, wood, or logs with soil on it.
No less important is a stepping stone made from the pebbles or stones. This stepping stone is made up of a combination of rock that has different sizes and dimensions.
Pond in a Japanese garden is always filled with fish, especially Koi and goldfish. The use of this fish comes from the Chinese tradition is also developing a Koi fish and gold fish.
In the large garden, there is little ornamentation such as stone or metal lanterns. In addition, there is also a tub to hold water. The tub is used for cleaning the hands and mouth before starting the tea ceremony. Usually the garden also has a small artificial island in the middle of the lake. This small island made of jagged stones and fir trees.
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